top of page

The role of jewelry in Mediterranean cultures


1.1 Welcome to a journey through the fascinating history of coral, a gem that has its roots in the depths of the Mediterranean and has enchanted with its beauty for centuries.

1.2 In this article, we will explore the historical and cultural importance of coral, discover the symbolic meanings it has taken on over the centuries and see how it has been used to create extraordinary jewellery. From the sea to art, coral has a special place in jewelry, and Gioia Sarda is no different in honoring this tradition. Read on to reveal the secrets of this marine gem and how Gioia Sarda transforms it into wearable works of art.

Chapter 1: Coral in Myth and History

Coral is much more than just a gem; it was a mythological symbol and a crucial element in the history of Mediterranean cultures.

1.1 Coral as a mythological and symbolic element in ancient Mediterranean cultures

Coral has been associated with several legends and myths throughout history. In Greek and Roman cultures, he was often associated with Poseidon (or Neptune), the god of the sea. It was believed that the coral was born from drops of blood that fell into the water when Perseus beheaded the Medusa. These myths gave coral a symbolic meaning linked to the sea and its power.

In Mediterranean cultures, coral was considered a talisman against the evil eye and danger at sea. People wore coral jewelry for protection and luck.

1.2 The ancient coral trade and its presence in ancient jewellery

The coral trade has been active since ancient times. The Mediterranean, particularly the waters around Sardinia and Sicily, was a major source of red coral, the most prized type. This trade gave rise to trade routes and contributed to the spread of coral throughout the ancient world.

In ancient jewelry, coral was often used to create ornamental jewelry, often combined with gold, to create pieces of great aesthetic and cultural value. Coral's natural beauty and symbolic meaning made it a popular choice for jewelry intended for ceremonies and celebrations.

Coral is therefore a gem that, since ancient times, has captured the imagination of Mediterranean cultures, both for its beauty and for its symbolic meaning. Its rich and fascinating history continues to influence contemporary jewelry, including the Gioia Sarda collection, which honors this thousand-year-old tradition.

Chapter 2: Symbols and Traditions in Mediterranean Jewellery

The jewels of Mediterranean cultures are imbued with meaning, symbolism and centuries-old traditions.

2.1 Common symbols in the jewels of Mediterranean cultures

Mediterranean jewelry often features symbols that are rooted in the traditions and history of this region. Some common symbols include:

Fish: As a coastal region, fish is a recurring symbol in Mediterranean jewels. It represents not only the abundance of the sea but also spirituality and Christianity, as the fish was a secret symbol used during early periods to identify Christians.

The sun and the moon: These symbols are often present in Mediterranean jewels and are connected to natural cycles and the duality of life. The sun represents strength and vitality, while the moon symbolizes the mysterious beauty of the night.

Coral: As mentioned above, coral has a deep meaning in Mediterranean jewelry, symbolizing protection, luck and connection to the sea.

2.2 The use of jewels in traditional celebrations, rituals and festivals

Jewelery has been an integral part of traditional celebrations, rituals and festivals in the Mediterranean. During weddings, baptisms and other special occasions, jewelry is worn to symbolize prosperity, good luck and protection. For example, in some Mediterranean cultures, it is traditional to give jewelry with auspicious symbols to newborns.

Additionally, jewelry can be worn during religious holidays as a sign of devotion and respect. This practice reflects the importance of faith in Mediterranean cultures.

2.3 The traditional materials and techniques used in the creation of Mediterranean jewellery

In the creation of Mediterranean jewelry, traditional materials and techniques that have ancient roots are often used. Coral, silver wire and gold are commonly used materials. Craftsmanship techniques, such as filigree and carving, have passed from generation to generation, keeping artisan traditions alive.

These elements - deeply rooted symbols, the significant use of jewels in celebrations and the expert craftsmanship - help define the uniqueness of Mediterranean jewels. Gioia Sarda draws inspiration from this tradition to create jewelery that celebrates the culture and beauty of the Mediterranean, combining meaningful symbols and artisanal techniques in her collection.

Chapter 3: Sardinian Joy: A Bridge between Tradition and Modernity

Gioia Sarda stands out for its commitment to preserving the rich Mediterranean jewelery traditions and translating them into modern and fascinating creations.

3.1 The role of Gioia Sarda in the preservation of Mediterranean jewelery traditions

Gioia Sarda is committed to preserving and promoting Mediterranean jewelery traditions passed down from generation to generation. By collaborating with expert local artisans, the company continues to use traditional craftsmanship techniques, ensuring these ancient skills are not lost. This commitment translates into jewels that carry with them the history and craftsmanship of Mediterranean cultures.

3.2 "Mediterranean" model by Gioia Sarda: Mediterranean inspiration reflected in contemporary jewels

Gioia Sarda's "Mediterraneo" model captures the essence of the sea and Mediterranean cultures in contemporary jewelry. This model is inspired by the depths of the Mediterranean, its marine fauna and its cultural symbols. "Mediterranean" jewelery incorporates iconic elements such as coral, fish and the sun, creating jewelery that is a tribute to Mediterranean tradition and at the same time adapted to modern trends.

Thanks to its ability to blend traditional craftsmanship and contemporary design, Gioia Sarda offers unique jewels that celebrate the rich cultural heritage of the Mediterranean. With the "Mediterraneo" model and others, Gioia Sarda invites people to wear a part of this fascinating culture and to bring a piece of Mediterranean history and beauty with them into their daily lives.


In conclusion, this article has taken us on a fascinating journey through the history of coral and the role of jewelry in Mediterranean cultures. We explored how coral was a symbol of beauty and meaning in these ancient cultures, and became an integral part of the jewelry that adorned men and women on special occasions and important rituals.

Gioia Sarda, with its deep connection to Mediterranean jewelery traditions, plays an essential role in preserving and celebrating this cultural heritage. Through the "Mediterraneo" model and other creations, the company captures the essence of the Mediterranean and its cultures in contemporary jewelry, offering the public the opportunity to wear and share this unique beauty and history.

We invite our readers to explore the Gioia Sarda collection, where they can find jewels that celebrate the rich cultural heritage of the Mediterranean. By wearing these jewels, you can bring a piece of this fascinating tradition into your lives, preserving it and sharing it with the world.

bottom of page